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 مواضيع بكالوريا 2010 لشعبة لغات أجنبية مع الحل

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مُساهمةموضوع: مواضيع بكالوريا 2010 لشعبة لغات أجنبية مع الحل   الأربعاء أغسطس 04, 2010 6:08 pm

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مُساهمةموضوع: unit 5 fisrst tear   الخميس فبراير 07, 2013 6:48 pm

1st
Year Students



Streams: H Sc
+Sc









SEQUENCE ONE :
LISTENING & LISTENING SPEAKING



ANTICIPATE


Monitor a discussion with your
learners to go through the pictures.



Skills: -1-Identifying
the word ‘climate’.



Have you ever wondered why
one area of the world is a desert, another a grassland, and
another a rainforest? Why are there different forests and deserts,
and why are there different types of life in each area? The answer is climate.




Climate is the characteristic condition of the atmosphere near the
earth's surface at a certain place on earth. This includes the region's general
pattern of weather conditions, seasons and weather extremes
like hurricanes, droughts
, or rainy periods. Two of the most important
factors
determining an area's climate are air temperature and
precipitation
.



World
biomes
are controlled by climate. The climate of a region will determine
what plants will grow there, and what animals will inhabit it. All three
components, climate, plants and animals are interwoven to create the fabric of
a biome.






-2- Identifying
types of climate areas.



► The different types of
climate can be described as follows:



1-
Tropical
climate – hot –




- Equatorial climate / tropical continental climate/ Hot desert
climate



2-
Subtropical climate -
Warm temperate –




- Mediterranean climate.


3-
Polar climate - Cool
temperate, cold –



- Arctic
& Antarctic climates.






-3- Identifying types of natural disasters
Functions: - expressing and justifying opinion.



1* Avalanche/Landslide*
can cause extensive damage to anything in its path.


2* Blizzard


3* Drought


4* Earthquake*


5* Flood*


6* Heat Wave


7* Hurricane*


8* Typhoon


9* Cyclone


10* Mudslide* leads
to financial, structural, and human losses.


11* Tsunami


12* Volcanic Eruption



13* Wildfire*





1. Look at the map and
answer the questions below.



a. Say the names of climate areas in the map in your own
language. Then listen and read them aloud in English.




Monsoon
is derived from the Arabic
word "موسم" (mawsim'), which means season.


b. Say aloud the source of the world climate map above.


► www.worldclimate.com is the source of the world climate map above.


c. Identify the type (s) of climate areas, which you have in Algeria
and in your region.



► Tropical
climate in the North & dry climate in the South



► Mediterranean
warm temperature climate
and
desert climate



d. Identify on the map the climate areas where you have
rainforests.



There
are rainforests in tropical areas in mountains.






2. Read the definitions of the natural disasters below and say
which of them can affect your country. Justify your answer.





-blizzard = violent
and heavy snowstorm


- drought = long
period of dry weather


- earthquake = sudden
movement of the earth surface


- flood = inundation
caused by overflowing of water


- hurricane = violent
wind storm



- sandstorm = violent wind carrying
sand



- tsunami = huge tide
caused by shock of waves following an earthquake











- Drought can affect my
country because it has a desert climate,
especially in the South.


- Earthquakes can affect
my country because the north of Algeria
is situated in a seismic zone.


- Sandstorm can affect my
country because of the desert climate.


- Floods can affect my
country because of sudden and heavy
rainfalls in autumn.





3. Do you think the world climate is changing? Justify your
answer.



I think / in my opinion / to my
mind / according to me / from my standpoint / as far as I am concerned /
that the world climate is changing. It is becoming warmer.
The winter seasons are becoming shorter and the summer seasons longer.






"Whether
the weather be fair or whether the weather be not, whether the weather be cold
or whether the weather be hot, we'll weather the weather, whatever the weather,
whether we like it or not!"



LISTENING AND SPEAKING


LISTEN AND CHECK


1. Listen to a radio
interview and check your answer to question 3 on the previous page.



Unit
Five / Script 1 (Listening and speaking)



Part
One:



Robert: This is «Back to Nature". I'm Robert Kidman. We're at
800-978‑8254. And on the line with us now from Madison, Wisconsin,
is Mike Richards, a climate specialist. Mike Richards, how are you?



Mike: Fabulous, thanks for asking.


Robert: Everybody is worried about high temperatures these days. My question then is: Is our
climate really changing?



Mike: There's no doubt at all that our climate is changing. The
Earth is getting warmer. Our studies show that four years out of the last ten
have been the hottest since records began. The cause is carbon dioxide
in the air. Its volume has increased a lot because of the burning of oil, coal
and wood. This carbon dioxide has enveloped the earth in a sort of
greenhouse; you know the type of plastic houses where farmers grow vegetables
.
This greenhouse traps the heat from the sun. It
does not let it go out, so the temperature will continue to rise if we do not
reduce carbon dioxide emissions. And we believe that within the next hundred
years or so, the Earth will have heated up by four degrees. Yes, our climate is
rapidly changing.



The world climate is changing
because the volume of carbon dioxide-CO2- in the air has increased
because of burning oil, coal and wood. This is called,
pollution. It’s man-made!






2.What do you expect the
interviewee to say about the consequences of global warming in the second part
of the interview. Tick ( √ ) in the right box below.



Part
Two:



Robert: But what will happen if the climate really changes?


Mike: A lot of things will happen. You know if the earth gets
hotter, the glaciers will melt. And if the glaciers melt, the volume of the
water in the seas will increase and the level of sea water will
rise
. This will cause flooding. As a result,
vast area of the Indian coast, Bangladesh, Holland
and even London
will be under water
.


Robert: Are there any other effects you haven't mentioned?


Mike: I'm afraid there are many other effects. For example, if
the climate changes.. the winds and rain will change. Some regions will have
more storms. These storms will destroy crops, houses and will kill a lot of
people. On the contrary, vast areas the world - the United
States of America and Russia,
North Africa will suffer from lack of rain.
This lack of rain, I mean the drought, can transform these
areas as deserts
. As a result, we
will have less food to eat and less water to drink. This is why we, scientists, are raising the alarm about global warming,
which is really a question of life and death to us, humans






The
sea level will…



The food producing

areas will…

The temperatures will …


The coastal areas will …


rise

become deserts

go up

Become deserts

be under water

Remain the same

Be under water

Remain the same

Be under water

Drop

Produce more

Go down

Be under storms





3. Now listen to the interview again and check your answer to
question 2 above






4. Listen -Unit Five/Script 1
(Listening and speaking) Part One:
again to the
interview and answer the questions below.



a. Which gas is responsible for global warming?


a.
The gas, which is responsible for global warming, is carbon dioxide.


b. To what does Mike Richards compare the accumulation of this
gas around the earth?



b.
He compares it to a greenhouse, a type of plastic house where farmers grow
vegetables.



c. Why is it called so? (Use the picture to explain to your
classmates).



c. It is called so because carbon
dioxide traps the heat from the sun, just like a greenhouse.



d. How can we reduce the high temperatures?


d.
We can reduce high temperatures by reducing the volume of CO2
emissions.



e. Is the climate specialist worried or indifferent about climate
change? Pick out from the interview words and phrases that tell us about his
attitude.



e.
The climate specialist is worried about climate change.



Evidence from the interview: ‘Everybody is worried about
high temperatures these days’ ; ‘scientists are raising the alarm about global
warming’ ; ‘a question of life and death to us, humans’.

































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مواضيع بكالوريا 2010 لشعبة لغات أجنبية مع الحل

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
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